Umbilical hernia is a common disorder that occurs when a mass of tissue bulges out near the navel or belly button due to weak abdominal muscles. Weak spots can remain in infants after birth when tissues and muscles around the umbilical cord fail to close properly or in adults with a recent belly surgery or excess weight. Hernias don’t cure itself, and their size keeps increasing with time. The blog post discusses 5 FAQ’s about umbilical hernia to give a better picture of the ailment.
1. What are the symptoms of Umbilical Hernia?
The most common symptom of an umbilical hernia is a visible bulge/sac in the abdominal area that increases while coughing, sneezing, and straining. Patients may also experience pain and pressure at the hernia site. Sharp abdominal pain and vomiting indicate that hernia is strangulated. Treating umbilical hernia is imperative to prevent strangulation wherein the small intestine is trapped inside the hernia sac, cutting off the blood supply. Hernia symptoms in most of the cases, subside in children whereas adults require surgical intervention to reduce the pain and discomfort.
2. Is it necessary to undergo Umbilical Hernia repair surgery?
A surgeon will gauge the need for surgery depending on the current medical attention. The surgeon is likely to recommend surgery if the size of hernia is too large to cause disfigurement or the pain and pressure rise exponentially.
3. What surgery options are available for Umbilical Hernia Repair?
Umbilical hernia repair is a simple and low-risk surgery with irreversible effects in most cases. Open and laparoscopic repair are the two common surgical methods to treat an umbilical hernia.
Open Hernia Repair
The surgeon makes an incision near the hernia site and separates it from the adjacent tissues. The surgeon pushes the contents of the intestine back into the abdomen and repairs the defect with a mesh.
Laparoscopic repair is a less invasive procedure as compared to open hernia repair. The surgeon inserts a thin, lighted scope in the belly along with other tools through small incisions to repair hernia with a mesh. The process is less painful as compared to open repair and patients can get back to work more readily with little pain or discomfort.
4. What are the recovery times post surgery?
A patient takes longer to resume daily activities after open umbilical repair whereas laparoscopic repair registers lesser healing times. The doctors also give pain medications and provide instructions to keep the stitches dry. The doctors also schedule a follow-up appointment in a couple of weeks to assess the healing.
5. What are the risk factors?
Umbilical hernia repair surgery carries low risk; however complications can arise if the patient has an underlying medical condition. Some of the risks are:
- Blood clots
- Small intestine Injury
The Way Forward
Those were some of the important FAQs that will provide you a better idea about umbilical hernia. Patients may delay the umbilical hernia surgery after consulting an experienced surgeon. Surgeons may also delay the surgery in case of pregnancy or if the patient has undergone a belly surgery. It is advisable to consult a doctor before wearing a corset or a truss for hernia.