When a part of the intestine protrudes through the umbilical opening in abdominal muscles, it causes an umbilical hernia. Most of the umbilical hernias are harmless, but in rare cases can develop a serious condition called strangulation in adults. The blood flow to certain parts of the body suddenly stops in strangulation and leads to nausea, severe pain, and vomiting.
More About Umbilical Hernia Repair Surgery
There are two different ways to perform surgery:
- Open hernia repair
- Laparoscopic hernia repair
The surgeon makes an incision below the belly button to access the hernia in the conventional open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery, on the other hand, is a less invasive procedure where small incisions are made away from the hernia site to insert the laparoscope.
The procedure in both the types of surgeries remains the same. The surgeon pushes the bulging intestine and abdominal lining through the hole in the abdominal wall and closes the hole. The surgeon might insert a synthetic mesh material into the abdomen in some cases to strengthen the area.
There is a rare chance of a patient facing complications after the surgery. Some of the risks of surgery include:
- Blood clot
- Reaction to anaesthesia
- Injury to small intestine
Recovering from Surgery
The patient gets a discharge from hospital on the same day in most of the cases. The hospital staff keeps the patient in the recovery room to monitor vital signs such as blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate. The doctor may prescribe simple analgesics to a patient and schedules a follow-up appointment after a couple of weeks to assess healing. Most patients get back to their normal routine and activities within two to four weeks after the surgery.
An umbilical hernia may occur in adults because of fluid in the abdominal cavity, chronic peritoneal dialysis, and previous abdominal surgery. The problem is most common in adults who are overweight and women who were recently pregnant. There is a rare chance of recurrence of an umbilical hernia in patients after the surgery.